Planting, Aerating, and Fertilizing Bermuda Grass

Planting Bermuda Grass

The best time to sow new Bermuda grass is early in the spring after the final frost of the year.  For most geographical regions, the last frost occurs sometime in March.  

If you are creating a new lawn with sod, it is at this juncture that you can lay the sod to take root on the soil you have prepared.  Bermuda grass sod is usually comprised of a hybrid of different Bermuda grass types.  

Bermuda grass seeds are generally common Bermuda grass with a few exceptions.  Because of the marked differences in the physical appearance of hybrid and common Bermuda grasses, overseeing a Bermuda grass lawn is rarely advisable.

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Aerating Bermuda Grass

If you've recently installed new sod, you must allow one full season to pass before you consider aerating.  Although the sod is a mature grass plant, it still needs an adequate amount of time to establish deep, healthy roots that penetrate the soil and spread laterally.

Although Bermuda grass is a hearty and resilient plant, compact soil can compromise its ability to readily circulate essential nutrients, water, and oxygen throughout its systems.  This deprivation can result in the appearance and invasion of unwanted weeds, inhibited growth, pests and insects, and lawn diseases.

Established Bermuda grass lawns need to be aerated once or twice a year.  The best time to undertake aerating your lawn is in late spring or early summer.  Aerating your lawn during the peak of the growing season makes repairing itself from the heavy machinery traffic easier.

Fertilizing Bermuda Grass

Before jumping into fertilizing your lawn, you must perform a soil test to determine what, if anything, you need to focus on getting introduce into your lawn.  The test results will give you a snapshot of your soil's overall fertility and what nutrients it does and doesn't have.  Those test results will guide you.

Bermuda grass is generally nitrogen-rich.  This means that the soil that the grass is planted in might be depleted of the essential nutrient.  Because of this, you'll likely use a fertilizer that is heavy in its nitrogen content.  A good fertilizer product with an NPK ratio of 4-1-2 should do the trick.

Bermuda grass lawns should be fertilized 2 to 4 times per year between March and November.